HOW DOES AN INTRAUTERINE DEVICE WORK?
An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small, flexible device, usually made of plastic, which is placed inside the uterine cavity. It is used to prevent unwanted pregnancies and it is one of the contraceptive methods. There are two types of intrauterine devices: copper and hormonal.
Copper IUD (also called non-hormonal) releases copper ions, which cause local inflammation, resulting in swelling and congestion of the lining of the uterus cavity - this prevents the sperm from moving properly towards the fallopian tubes. In addition, thickened cervical mucus further inhibits sperm movement. Copper also reduces the ability of egg cells to fertilise.
The hormonal IUD contains hormones (usually progestogens) which are gradually released in the female body. They may vary in size, hormone content and daily amount of release. Unlike copper IUD, hormonal IUDs act through the gradual release of the hormone. It causes mucus thickening, preventing sperm from movement and reaching the egg, and also leads to the disappearance of the glandular epithelium, making the uterine mucosa thin, preventing implantation of the embryo.
A visit to a gynaecologist is necessary to insert an intrauterine device, but the procedure is relatively simple and short.
- Pregnancy or suspected pregnancy
- Abnormal Pap test results
- Undiagnosed bleeding from the reproductive tract
- Inflammation of the reproductive organs
- Neoplastic diseases in the area of a reproductive organ, liver, breast
- Allergy to product ingredients
RECOMMENDED FREQUENCY:Number of procedures performed: 1
Insertion of an IUD takes place during 1 appointment.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS - INTRAUTERINE DEVICE
The final choice between copper and hormonal IUD should be made in consultation with a gynecologist who will help you choose the right option based on your individual needs and preferences, as well as your health condition and medical history.
During the procedure the patient lies on the gynecological chair. Using a special applicator, an IUD is inserted into the uterine cavity. Once it has been placed, the doctor will check whether it is properly positioned and whether there are any abnormalities.